Come to Canada
as a Permanent Resident

or become one from inside Canada

How can you become a Permanent Resident of Canada?

As an ultimate goal you will need to be elegible to apply to one of the open Federal programs. All other processes revolve around them. Once you are elegible, you will also need to be competitive depending on the program you are applying through.

 

Here are the Permanent Residence programs open at this time, in a nutshell.

Cutting Wood

Express Entry

Skilled Workers, Skilled Trades, and Canadian Experience Class;

 

  • Express Entry is the fastest pathway to Permanent Residence;

  • it is a point-based system in which candidates compete with points awarded for age, education, foreign and Canadian work experience, language level, among others;

  • it is also a two-step system: candidates who are eligible enter the general pool but only those with the highest points receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) and go to a second stage of application;​

  • there are 3 streams under the program: skilled workers (for those with foreign work experience); skilled trades (for those with a Canadian job offer or a Certificate of Qualification); and Canadian Experience Class (for those with Canadian work experience), and

  • each stream has its own minimum requirements; you may be eligible under one of them, but not necessarily competitive to obtain an ITA

Provincial Nomination Certificate holders;

 

  • elegible candidates have the chance to apply to a province or territory, that have their own “streams” (immigration programs that target certain groups) and requirements;

  • the initial goal you are looking for, is a Provincial Nomination, which is a certificate of support from the Province that speaks about the value you bring to its economy;

  • but the ultimate goal is to apply to the Provincial Nomination Program (PNP), the Federal step (may be through the Express Entry system or separate to it, depending on the stream)

Happy Gift Box

Provincial Nominee Program

Dancing on a Cliff

Atlantic Immigration Pilot

An employer-driven program in the Atlantic;

 

  • the Atlantic Immigration Pilot is an employer-driven program, i.e., it's based on employer elegiblity in the first instance, and the whole process has to be initiated by them;

  • employers must be designated by the provincial government of the Atlantic province where the candidate will be working;

  • Atlantic provinces include: New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and Prince Island;

  • employers can hire elegible candidates through one of three streams:  International Graduate Program, High-skilled Program, and Intermediate-skilled Program, and

  • once the employer makes you a job offer, you and the employer will work through several steps

The pathway for innovative entrepreneurs;

  • Canada’s Start-up Visa Program targets immigrant entrepreneurs with the skills and potential to build businesses in Canada that: are innovative, can create jobs for Canadians, and, can compete on a global scale;

  • to prove your business meets all three criteria, you need to get support for your idea from a designated organization (out of a specific list of business incubators);

  • at the time you get a commitment from a designated organization, each applicant needs to hold 10% or more of the voting rights attached to all shares of the corporation outstanding at that time (up to 5 people can apply as owners), AND

  • applicants and the designated organization need to jointly hold more than 50% of the total voting rights attached to all shares of the corporation outstanding at that time;

  • at the time you receive your permanent residence, you are commited to provide active and ongoing management of the business from within Canada,

  • an essential part of the operations of the business needs to happen in Canada, and it needs to be incorporated in Canada

Virtual Reality

Start-Up Visa Program

Dairy Farmer

Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot

A community-driven program in remote areas;

 

  • the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot is a community-driven program, i.e., it's based on community elegiblity in the first instance, and the whole process revolves around them;

  • communities must be part of the list of participating communities; each community has its own eligibility requirements, job search process, and recommendation application process;

  • once you find an eligible job with an employer in one of the participating communities, and have a job offer, you can submit your application for recommendation to the community;

  • communities assess prospective candidates who best fit their economic needs, have genuine employment opportunity, and have the intention of staying in the community, and

  • if a community recommends you, you are eligible to apply for Permanent Residence

Refugee claimants that served in Canada's health-care sector during Covid-19 Pandemic;

  • this application process is for pending or failed refugee claimants who made a refugee claim in Canada prior to March 13, 2020, and still live in Canada;

  • also for spouses or common-law partners of elegible refugee claimants if the claimant passed away from Covid-19 and the candidate has been in Canada since before August 14, 2020;

  • to be elegible, you need to have worked a minimum number of hours (depending on dates) in Canada's health-care sector during the Covid-19 pandemic;

  • your job needs to have been provinding direct patient care;

  • once you have applied, the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) will put the pending refugee claim on hold, AND

  • any removal order you're under will be stayed until a final decision is reached

Male Nurse

Health-care Workers Pathway

Working on Laptop

Hong Kong Residents Pathway

Temporary public policy in effect from June 1, 2021, to August 31, 2026;

 

  • the temporary public policy targets Hong Kong residents who are currently in Canada with a valid temporary status, and their families;

  • your valid passport needs to be issued by Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, or United Kingdom to a British National (Overseas) as a person born, naturalized or registered in Hong Kong

  • Stream A: In-Canada graduates; to be elegible, you must have graduated from a DLI in Canada in the 3 years before you apply; study programs need to meet specific requirements;

  • Stream B: Canadian work experience; to be elegible you must have worked in Canada for at least 12 months full-time or an equal amount of part-time hours in the 3 years before you apply; education requirements apply

Quebec's special agreement on immigration with the Government of Canada;

  • Quebec has its own rules for choosing immigrants who will adapt well to living there;

  • elegible candidates have the chance to apply to the Governement of Quebec, that has its own “streams” (immigration programs that target certain groups) and requirements;

  • the initial goal you are looking for, is a  Quebec Selection Certificate (Certificat de sélection du Québec [CSQ]), which is a certificate of support from the Province that speaks about the value you bring to its economy;

  • but the ultimate goal is to apply to the Federal Governement, to obtain your Pemanent Residence

Young Smiling Woman

Quebec-selected Skilled Workers

Nanny

Home Child Care Provider Pilot

Home Support Worker Pilot

Temporary Residence - to - Permanent Residence pathway for caregivers and their family members;

 

  • the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and the Home Support Worker Pilot are 5-year pilot programs that let qualified caregivers and their family members come to Canada with the goal of becoming permanent residents;

  • through these pilots you'll get an occupation-restricted open work permit to come to Canada and work temporarily;

  • you need to have experience working in Canada, OR, have been offered a job in Canada in one of these jobs: home child care provider - NOC 4411, and, home support worker - NOC 4412

  • the application process varies depending on how much qualifying work experience you have, whether you don't have any work experience in Canada, you have less than 24 months, or more than 24 months

Opportunity for those in the world of athletics or cultural activities;

  • to be eligible, you need to have relevant experience, and, be willing and able to be self-employed in Canada;

  • your experience is relevant if you have taken part in cultural activities or athletics at a world-class level, OR, been a self-employed person in cultural activities or athletics;

  • your profile is assessed on a point-based system with points awarded for age, education, experience, language level, among others; and

  • as part of the immigration process, the Government may ask to interview you

Players in the Field

Self-employed Persons Program

Boy Carrying Goat

Agri-Food Pilot

Addressing the labour needs of the Canadian agri-food sector until May, 2023;

 

  • the Agri-Food Pilot targets experienced, non-seasonal workers in specific industries and occupations;

  • you need to have at least 1 year of non-seasonal, full-time work in the past 3 years  Canadian work experience, in 1 or more of the eligible occupations listed under 1 eligible industry (out of a specific list), AND, supported by an LMIA;

  • any work experience you gained while holding an open work permit does not count;

  • you also need to have a genuine full-time, non-seasonal job offer from a Canadian employer in one of the eligible industries and occupations (outside of Quebec), and

  • specific waging requirements depending on occupation apply

What requirements are common for all Permanent Residence programs?

All programs have a common eligiblity requirement: Language ability; either English or French, and level particular to program and stream.

All programs have also two common admissibility requirements: Health and Security; health conditions that may mean excessive demand on health services and on social services, yours or your dependants', and past criminal record, yours or your dependants', could potentially deprive you from obtaining the Permanent Resident status you so long for.

What are the RIGHTS of a Permanent Resident?

  • Access to the same social benefits as any Canadian citizen, including healthcare coverage;

  • The right to live, work, study (with same tuition fees as any Canadian citizen) anywhere in Canada;

  • Protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms;

  • The right to apply for Canadian citizenship

Home Gardening

What are the RESPONSIBILITIES of a Permanent Resident?

  • Pay taxes;

  • Abide to Canadian laws

There are only two differences between a Permanent Resident and a Canadian Citizen:

  • Permanent Residents can NOT vote or run for Office, and

  • Permanent Residents need to live in Canada at least two years in a five-year period to maintain their status

Do you think that's it?

NO! Once you become a Permanent Resident of Canada, an endless world of social programs and benefits is open for you. Watch newcomers accessing what is offered to them!

Canada doubled its rejections of permanent residence applications under humanitarian grounds, from 35% in 2019 to 70% in early 2021; same as those, all types of permanent residence applications have the potential of being refused or rejected.